Adults who do not have health care coverage are less likely to access health care services and delay getting needed medical attention. Utilization of preventative health care services could reduce the prevalence and severity of disease and chronic conditions in Kent County. These services include blood pressure, cholesterol, BMI, and glucose screenings. Moreover, a yearly routine checkup with a health care professional provides an opportunity to raise awareness regarding preventive services, conduct individual risk assessments, promote informed decision-making and screen for diseases for early detection.
Access to health care in Kent County appears to be closely linked with socioeconomic factors. Hispanics and residents with lower education and income levels have substantially lower rates of health care coverage. Additionally, age and gender are closely associated with having health insurance and personal health care provider, with older age groups and women more likely to report they have both.
- 11.6% of adults (<64 years old) are uninsured, which is below the state average of 17.4%.
- In 2014, the proportion of uninsured of adults with less than a high school education was at 32.2% and 28.3% of those at lower income levels (<$20,000 per year).
- 11.7% of Kent County adult residents needed to see a doctor in the past year but could not due to the cost.
- 30.2% of Hispanics are without healthcare coverage in Kent County.
- Adults (aged 25-34) are most likely to be uninsured (20.4%).
- Men have lower rates of health care coverage than women (85.5% vs. 91.2% insured).
- 14.3% of Kent County adults do not have a personal doctor or health care provider.
- Men are substantially more likely than women to have no personal health care provider (17.8% vs. 11%).
- 25% of Kent County adult residents report not having a routine checkup within the past 12 months, which is slightly better than the state average of 30%.
- Adult men are substantially less likely than women to have had a routine checkup in the past year (28% vs. 22%).
- 13% of the adult population has not had access to diabetes screenings during the past 12 months.
Sources: Kent County 2011 Community Health Needs Assessment, Kent County Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (BRFSS) Report (2014), Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (2013), Michigan Profile for Healthy Youth (MiPhY) (2012).
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